|Starr Forum: Innovation and Its Enemies
A Book Talk by Calestous Juma
2014-2015 MLK Visiting Professor in the MIT Department of Urban Studies and Planning (DUSP)
Professor of the Practice of International Development
Director, Science, Technology, Globalization
Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
WHEN: Thursday, November 17, 2016 | 5-6:30pm CANCELLED UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE
WHERE: 33 Massachusetts Avenue (MIT 3-270, Maclaurin Building)
Free & open to the public | Refreshments served | Books sold at the event
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Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies (Oxford University Press, 2016) by Calestous Juma shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and environmental safety. But it argues that behind these legitimate concerns often lie deeper, but unacknowledged, socioeconomic considerations.
The book explains the roots of resistance to new technologies and why such resistance is not always futile. Juma draws from nearly 600 years of economic history to show how the balance of winners and losers shapes technological controversies. He outlines policy strategies for inclusive innovation to reduce the risks and maximize the benefits of new technologies.
Using detailed case studies of coffee, the printing press, margarine, farm mechanization, electricity, mechanical refrigeration, recorded music, transgenic crops, and transgenic animals, Juma shows how new technologies emerge, take root, and create new institutional ecologies that favor their establishment in the marketplace. He uses these lessons from history to contextualize contemporary debates surrounding technologies such as artificial intelligence, online learning, 3D printing, gene editing, robotics, drones, and renewable energy.
Innovation and Its Enemies ultimately makes the case for shifting greater responsibility to public leaders to work with scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to manage technological change, make associated institutional adjustments, and expand public engagement on scientific and technological matters.
“[An] outstanding treatise on how new technologies are created and why they are so often not initially accepted by society,” says Robert Langer, David H. Koch Institute Professor at MIT. “I loved reading it.”
The MIT Center for International Studies (CIS) Starr Forum is a public event series sponsored by the Starr Foundation of New York. It brings to the MIT campus leading academics, policymakers and journalists to discuss pressing issues in the world of international relations and U.S. foreign policy. CIS Starr Forums are open to the general public as well as to the MIT community.
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Innovation and Its Enemies can be ordered at www.oup.com/academic with promo code ASFLYQ6 to save (see flyer).
Table of Contents:
1. Gales of Creative Destruction
2. Brewing Trouble: Coffee
3. Stop the Presses: Printing the Koran
4. Smear Campaigns: Margarine
5. Gaining Traction: Farm Mechanization
6. Charged Arguments: Electricity
7. Cool Reception: Mechanical Refrigeration
8. Facing the Music: Recorded Sound
9. Taking Root: Transgenic Crops
10. Swimming against the Current: AquAdvantage Salmon
11. Oiling the Wheels of Novelty